from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- A region of southern Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea. Inhabited in ancient times by Italic tribes, Greek colonists, Etruscans, and Samnites, it was conquered by Rome in the fourth century B.C. Campania joined Italy in 1860 as part of the kingdom of Naples.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A region of southern Italy.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Open country.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A large open plain; a champaign.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a region of southwestern Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea including the islands of Capri and Ischia
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The name, in fact, comes from the Latin campania, which refers to the province's physical resemblance to Campania, south of Rome.
All this is a long way of saying that I cannot resist pasting in another quotation from Timothy Nourse, who published a volume called Campania Foelix in 1700.
A large portion of Rome, from the Praenestine gate to the church of St. Paul, was never invested by the Goths; their excursions were restrained by the activity of the Moorish troops: the navigation of the Tyber, and the Latin, Appian, and Ostian ways, were left free and unmolested for the introduction of corn and cattle, or the retreat of the inhabitants, who sought refuge in Campania or
The life of this inoffensive youth was spared by the generous clemency of Odoacer; who dismissed him, with his whole family, from the Imperial palace, fixed his annual allowance at six thousand pieces of gold, and assigned the castle of Lucullus, in Campania, for the place of his exile or retirement.
Italy, as far as Nola in Campania, where that famous penitent had fixed his abode.]
At an unknown period there had come down from the snowy tops of the Apennines a strong people, known afterwards as Samnites, who now began to press upon the inhabitants of the region called Campania, in the midst of which is the volcano Vesuvius.
The ungrateful rumor reached his ears, and induced him to seek the retirement of one of his villas in Campania.
After solving the meaning and source of Capua, we can push on to reconstruct the Etruscan name for Capua's surrounding region, *Capavana 'Campania', economically solving for the source of the Latin name too.
"This is easily explained," he said; "do you remember the tall, slender man whom we observed on board the 'Campania' as being rather unsocial and taciturn?"
If I'm not mistaken, I know which way the wind blows, and it's dollars to doughnuts she'll lose that far-away expression of hers before she's been aboard the 'Campania' many hours.