from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A taxonomic genus within the subfamily Coryloideae — the hornbeams.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin carpinus ("hornbeam")


  • Advanced degradation is visible even in densely forested areas of the Zagros Mountains and species that are better able to withstand grazing and pruning have crowded out original species, such as Carpinus spp. and Quercus spp., in many areas.

    Zagros Mountains forest steppe

  • These forests are distinguished by an outstanding diversity of deciduous oak species including Quercus frainetto, Q. pubescens, Q. cerris, Q. robur, and Q. petraea, as well as other deciduous broadleaf species such as Carpinus betulus, Fraxinus excelsior, Ulmus minor, Tilia spp.,

    Dinaric Mountains mixed forests

  • Audiences are invited to grow their own by taking away a sample lucky seed bag containing "Snailhouse + Carpinus Betulus" or "Goethe's Summerhouse + Fraxinus Exelsior".

    This week's new exhibitions

  • Principal forest species include Scots pine Pinus silvestris, Norway spruce Picea abies, hornbeam Carpinus betulus, little-leaved lime Tilia cordata, oak Quercus robur, sycamore Acer platanoides, maple Acer spp., ash Fraxinus excelsior, downy and white birch Betula pubescens and B. verrucosa, aspen Populus tremula and black alder Alnus glutinosa.

    Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park, Belarus

  • These consist of sessile and downy oaks Quercus petraea and Q. pubescens, pear Pyrus communis, European chestnut Castanea sativa, hornbeam Carpinus caucasica and oriental beech Fagus orientalis.

    Western Caucasus, Russian Federation

  • The vegetation of the Carpathians displays a pronounced zonation: the foothills are mostly covered by mixed deciduous forests, dominated by pedunculate oak (Quercus robur), lime (Tilia cordata) and hornbean (Carpinus betulus) in the north, and by various oak species (Quercus sessilis, Q. cerris, Q. pubescens, Q. frainetto) in the south.

    Carpathian montane conifer forests

  • Mixed deciduous oak forests of Quercus robur, Q. cerris, Carpinus betulus, Ulmus minor, and Fraxinus ornus once occurred throughout the ecoregion.

    Po Basin mixed forests

  • Relict Cercis siliquastrum small forest stands frequently appear on limestone substrates in the central part of the Thyrrenian slopes of the Appenines, characterized by a number of deciduous species, such as Quercus pubescens, Acer monspessulanum, Carpinus orientalis, and Crataegus monogyna.

    Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests

  • Other deciduous species that form humid forests here include Carpinus orientalis, Castenea sativa, and Juglans regia.

    Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests

  • Dominant deciduous species include: hornbeam (Carpinus orientalis), hop hornbeam (Ostrya carpinifolia), oak (Quercus cerris, Q. libani, Q. trojana, Q. petrea ssp. pinnatiloba), and many maple species (Acer hyrcanum, A. platonoides, A. campestre, and A. monspessulanum).

    Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests


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