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- proper n. A taxonomic order within the subclass Lissamphibia — the salamanders.
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There are three extant orders in the Class Amphibia: Anura (frogs and toads), Caudata (salamanders), and Apoda (caecilians).
In total, the hotspot has approximately 160 species of the order Caudata (the newts and salamanders), and some 120 are endemic; all endemics belong to the family Plethodontidae (lungless salamanders).
Botiglosa spongai: una Nueva Especie de Salamandra (Caudata: Plethodontidae) de los Andes Venezolanos, con Comentarios sobre el Género en Venezuela.
Systematics of the Pseudoeurycea bellii (Caudata: Plethodontidae) species complex.
Containing the orders Anomodontia, Ecaudata, Caudata, and Labyrinthodontia; and supplement.
E.D. Cope had advocated the abolition of the order Apoda and the incorporation of the Caecilians among the Urodela or Caudata in the vicinity of the Amphiumidae, of which he regarded them as further degraded descendants; and this opinion, which was supported by very feeble and partly erroneous arguments, has unfortunately received the support of the two great authorities, P. and F. Sarasin, to whom we are indebted for our first information on the breeding habits and development of these Batrachians.