from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun A North American Indian language family of Washington and Oregon.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun a Penutian language spoken by the Chinook
Sorry, no etymologies found.
There are words from English and French, and from various NW languages (including Salish and Wakashan languages) but the largest single source appears to be Lower Chinook (Chinook Proper) of the Chinookan family.
I would imagine that if a native source language is to be identified, it would probably be Chinookan.
They appear not to have reached the Columbia River, being cut off by tribes of the Chinookan family, and consequently were not met by Lewis and Clarke, whose statements of their habitat were derived solely from natives.
Lewis and Clarke cited on improvidence of Indians of the Northwest 37 on Pacific coast tribes 53 on Arikari habitat 60 authorities on Chinookan habitat 65 on the habitat of Kalapooian tribes 82 on the Kusan tribe 89
District in northwest Portland, Oregon, native Chinookan people of the lower Columbia River lived in huge plank houses at a settlement we now call the St. Johns Site.
Oregon, native Chinookan people of the lower Columbia River lived in huge plank houses at a settlement we now call the St. Johns Site.
"The Chinookan people controlled the trade along the lower Columbia River.