from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A comprehensive reform movement in China initiated by Mao Zedong in 1965 to eliminate counterrevolutionary elements in the country's institutions and leadership. It was characterized by political zealotry, purges of intellectuals, and social and economic chaos.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. an abbreviation for the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution of the People’s Republic of China
- proper n. an abbreviation for Iran's Cultural Revolution of 1980-1987
- proper n. any reform movement in which a national government aims to radically change its country's political, social, economical and cultural values.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a radical reform in China initiated by Mao Zedong in 1965 and carried out largely by the Red Guard; intended to eliminate counterrevolutionary elements in the government it resulted in purges of the intellectuals and socioeconomic chaos
Sorry, no etymologies found.
In the Cultural Revolution they were Mao's defenders, released from their schools to be vanguard "Red Guards," as they were labeled in May 1966 by student radicals at Qinghua University.
When the Cultural Revolution came, and the authorities demanded that she choose one of her children to go to a labor camp in the countryside, Jing Yulan accepted that too.
In China today, xiangying haozhao, “answering the call,” is one of the few Cultural Revolution slogans still in circulation.