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from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. king of Persia who was defeated by Alexander the Great; his murder effectively ended the Persian Empire (died in 330 BC)


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  • Darius III: Became Persian king in 336 after the murder of Artaxerxes IV and fought Alexander at Issus and Gaugamela.

    Alexander the Great

  • After the death of Xerxes in 465, the borders of the Persian Empire remained largely unchanged, though there were frequent internal revolts put down by every Great King until Darius III took the throne in 336, the same year Alexander became king of Macedonia.

    Alexander the Great

  • It was known not only for its timber, but also for its control of the main caravan route that stretched from the Euphrates across the northern pass of the Amanus Mountains to Cilicia (the same route Darius III took when he went to meet Alexander at Issos in 333 B.C. — and surprised him from the rear).

    Insight into the Soul

  • And more good news-also recovered from the diggings were some unspent javelins, probably left over from the great battle at Gaugamela in 331 B.C., when Alexander the Great marched his troops into present day Iraq, breached the Persian defenses, and defeated the much larger army of Darius III, the Persian King.

    Senator Santorum and the Case of the Missing Munitions

  • When, 150 years later, King Darius III fled from Alexander the Great at the battle of Issus in Syria in 333 B.C., the Persian line collapsed.

    The Battle of Salamis

  • The reference is to King Darius III in 331 B.C. as he led his army out to march against Alexander the Great.

    The Battle of Salamis

  • By 331, when the last Great King, Darius III, died ignominiously in flight, Alexander—known to us as Alexander the Great—began to rule over both Greece and Persia.


  • He would fight the Persian forces of Darius III several times, always emerging victorious.

    The Pawprints of History

  • In the spring, Persia underwent two coups d'état—ultimately Darius III took the throne.


  • STATEIRADaughter of Darius III, married in state by Alexander at Susa.

    Funeral Games


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