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Beira antelope (Dorcatragus megalotis, VU) occur in the region where Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Somalia meet.
The rare antelopes beira (Dorcatragus megalotis, VU) and Speke's gazelle (Gazella spekei, VU) are also found here and in a few other ecoregions in the Horn of Africa area.
The resulting biota contains many arid-adapted species, including a rich large mammal fauna with species such as the dibitag (Ammodorcas clarkei), beira (Dorcatragus megalotis), African wild ass (Equus africanus somaliensis), and hirola (Damaliscus hunteri).
The Horn of Africa is a notable center of endemism for mammals, particularly for antelopes such as the dibatag (Ammodorcas clarkei, VU), beira (Dorcatragus megalotis, VU), hirola (Damaliscus hunteri, CR) and Speke's gazelle (Gazella spekei, VU).
More widely distributed mammal species such as Speke's gazelle (Gazella spekei, VU), Salt’s dikdik (Madoqua saltiana), beira (Dorcatragus megalotis, VU), and Soemmerring's gazelle (Gazella soemmerringii, VU) are also threatened and suffer from over-hunting and from grazing competition with livestock.
The most notable endemics are several antelope species, including the beira (Dorcatragus megalotis, VU), dibatag (Ammodorcas clarkei), Speke’s gazelle (Gazella spekei) and silver dikdik (Madoqua piacentinii, VU).