Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A sensitive immunoassay that uses an enzyme linked to an antibody or antigen as a marker for the detection of a specific protein, especially an antigen or antibody. It is often used as a diagnostic test to determine exposure to a particular infectious agent, such as the AIDS virus, by identifying antibodies present in a blood sample.

Etymologies

e(nzyme)-l(inked) i(mmunoad)s(orbent) a(ssay).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

Examples

  • The company provides the world-wide biomedical market with more than 1,000 immunological research reagents and research diagnostics comprising monoclonal antibodies, enzyme-immunoassays (ELISA), fluorescent bead immunoassays, FlowCytomix (TM) and the proprietary technology Instant ELISA┬« as well as recombinant proteins for applications in academic, industrial and clinical research in the fields of adhesion molecules, cytokines and receptors, tumour biology and apoptosis.

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  • The screening test is called an ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

    THE LUPUS HANDBOOK FOR WOMEN

  • Until now, a required screening test, called ELISA, has been used to identify HIV-infected donors in most cases.

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  • The use of so-called ELISA testing methods (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) to detect food contaminants and residues is fairly well established.

    Medindia Health News

  • The current, most widely used method of disease detection is called the ELISA test, but it's very expensive, results take a long time to process and it requires professional staff to monitor it.

    mndaily.com - all articles

  • The new technique makes use of an existing method to detect proteins in blood, called enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, or ELISA, that is already used to diagnose diseases such as strep throat.

    Faster, less-intrusive way found to identify transplant recipients' organ rejection

  • Western blot measures antibodies, so it becomes positive later; it can be said is more specific than ELISA, which is a fairly low-cost screening test.

    Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium - Recent changes [en]

  • The FDA test is a modified version of ELISA, which is already commonly used to detect anthrax and other infections.

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  • The IME-developed cardiac biomarker testing system significantly cuts the time needed for sample preparation and analysis to just 45 minutes from the six hours typically required for the conventional testing platform known as ELISA (Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay).

    PhysOrg.com - latest science and technology news stories

  • ELISA, which is the current method for detecting cardiac biomarkers, uses fluorescent labeling technology.

    PhysOrg.com - latest science and technology news stories

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