from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun The church of the Byzantine Empire, including the patriarchates of Constantinople, Antioch, Alexandria, and Jerusalem.
- noun The Eastern Orthodox Church.
- noun The set of Christian churches centered in southwest Asia, northeast Africa, and Eastern Europe, including the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Nestorian, and Eastern Catholic churches.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- That portion of the Christian church which prevails in the countries once comprised in the Eastern Roman Empire and the countries converted to Christianity by missionaries from them. Its full official title is
The Orthodox Catholic Apostolic Eastern Church. It became estranged from the Western, or Roman, Church over the question of papal supremacy and the doctrine of the filioque, and a separation, begun in the latter part of the 9th century, became final in 1054. The Eastern Church consists of twelve (thirteen if the Bulgarian Church be included) mutually independent churches (including among these the Hellenic Church, or Church of Greece, and the Russian Church), using the vernacular (or some ancient form of it) in divine service and varying in many points of detail, but standing in full communion with each other and united as equals in a great federation. The highest five authorities are the patriarch of Constantinople, or ecumenical patriarch (whose position is not one of supremacy, but of precedence), the patriarch of Alexandria, the patriarch of Jerusalem, the patriarch of Antioch, and the Holy Synod of Russia. The Eastern Church accepts the first seven ecumenical councils (and is hence styled only schismatic, not heretical, by the Roman Catholic Church), has as its creed the Niceno-Constantinopolitan (without the later addition of the filioque, which, with the doctrine it represents, the church decisively rejects), baptizes infants with trine immersion, makes confirmation follow immediately upon baptism, administers the Communion in both kinds (using leavened bread) and to infants as well as adults, permits its secular clergy to marry before ordination and to keep their wives afterward, but not to marry a second time, selects its bishops from the monastic clergy only, recognizes the offices of bishop, priest, and deacon as the three necessary degrees of orders, venerates relics and icons, and has an elaborate ritual. See also Greek Church, under Greek.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun derived from the Byzantine Church and adhering to Byzantine rites
- noun the Catholic Church as it existed in the Byzantine Empire
Sorry, no etymologies found.
By the 6th century C.E. the Eastern Church was the dominant church in those regions.
We have to learn to abstain from calling the Eastern Church idolatrous and the Roman Church tyrannical, and the Episcopal Church inconsistent.
The task of Nicholas III in his dealings with the Eastern Church was the practical realization of the union accepted by the Greeks at the
Among those of the Eastern Church were the venerable St. Macarius,
The Eastern Church was the first to feel the effect of this outburst of religious art, and it is but natural to find some of its earliest examples in various other Russian cities, such as Kieff, Kazan, and Novgorod.
I find it impossible on a review of the evidence to adhere to the opinion I once held, and have partially expressed above, (viz. at p. 202,) that the Lectionary-practice of the Eastern Church was the occasion of this corrupt reading in our two oldest uncials.
I once held, and have partially expressed above, (viz. at p. 202,) that the Lectionary-practice of the Eastern Church was the occasion of this corrupt reading in our two oldest uncials.
Another favorite hymn of the Eastern Church was the "_Salve, Beate
The building was the center of the Eastern Church for nearly a thousand years when Turkey was Christian, but was converted to a mosque when Istanbul was conquered.
The Eastern Church even has a word for the more provisional, interpretive activity; it is theologoumena (Θεολογούμενα), which is to say, simply, "to speak of God."