from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A taxonomic phylum within the superphylum Deuterostomia — the echinoderms: various sea creatures.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Latin echino sea-urchin


  • 'Echinodermata'; out of all the orders of the 'Coelenterata' and

    Lectures and Essays

  • Despite their resemblance to flowers, crinoids are animals, belonging to the Echinodermata, to which starfish also belong.

    Catch that crinoid!

  • These lowly animals belong to that group of the star-fish class (Echinodermata), the species of which possess generally spheroidal bodies, built up of multitudinous calcareous plates, and constitute the order Echinoidea.

    On the Genesis of Species

  • A similar detailed study, under similar requirements, of animals, representing various classes and orders of Echinodermata, Mollusca, Annulata and Arthropoda.

    University of Virginia Record

  • The marine inhabitants of the eastern and western shores of South America are very distinct, with extremely few shells, Crustacea, or Echinodermata in common; but Dr. Gunther has recently shown that about thirty per cent. of the fishes are the same on the opposite sides of the isthmus of Panama; and this fact has led naturalists to believe that the isthmus was formerly open.

    XII. Geographical Distribution. Present Distribution Cannot Be Accounted for by Differences in Physical Conditions

  • Mivart adduces this case, chiefly on account of the supposed difficulty of organs, namely the avicularia of the Polyzoa and the pedicellariæ of the Echinodermata, which he considers as “essentially similar, ” having been developed through natural selection in widely distinct divisions of the animal kingdom.

    VII. Miscellaneous Objections to the Theory of Natural Selection

  • The Echinodermata (star-fishes, sea-urchins, &c.) are furnished with remarkable organs, called pedicellariæ, which consist, when well developed, of a tridactyle forceps—that is, of one formed of three serrated arms, neatly fitting together and placed on the summit of a flexible stem, moved by muscles.

    VII. Miscellaneous Objections to the Theory of Natural Selection

  • All possible gradations, as he adds, may likewise be found between the pedicellariae of the star-fishes and the hooks of the ophiurians, another group of Echinodermata; and again between the pedicellariae of sea-urchins and the anchors of the Holothuriæ, also belonging to the same great class.

    VII. Miscellaneous Objections to the Theory of Natural Selection

  • During the year 1836, though pushing forward constantly the publication of the “Poissons Fossiles,” his “Prodromus of the Class of Echinodermata” appeared in the Memoirs of the Natural History Society of Neuchatel, as well as his paper on the fossil Echini belonging to the Neocomian group of the Neuchatel Jura, accompanied by figures.

    Louis Agassiz His Life and Correspondence

  • I look anxiously for the forth-coming number of your history of the Echinodermata ...

    Louis Agassiz His Life and Correspondence


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