from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- An ancient city of Mesopotamia on the site of present-day Urfa in southeast Turkey. A major Christian center after the third century A.D., it was conquered by the Arabs in 639 and was captured by Crusaders in 1097.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A city in Greece, capital in Pella Prefecture, in periphery of Central Macedonia.
- proper n. Ancient city in northwestern Mesopotamia, the capital of Osroene, on the site of modern Şanlıurfa in Turkey. Also known as Urfa.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of pentatomid bugs, typical of a subfamily Edessinæ.
St. Ephrem took refuge in Edessa where he lived until his death in 373, porbably on June 9th (although alternative dates have been recorded, including June 18th).
Edessa is best represented by Fulcherius Carnotensis, or of
He fought against the heresies of Marcion, Arius and others and most of his works were written during his time in Edessa.
By the time Europeans had settled in places like Antioch, Edessa and Jerusalem, they were essentially petty warlords on the fringes of what was a frontier society, contested by Sunni Muslims from Baghdad, Shi'i Muslims from Cairo and Greek Christians from Constantinople, among others.
In the ensuing years, Edessa became a prominent and economically successful city.
Edessa was founded in 303 or 302 B.C. and named after the old capital of Macedonia.
Edessa was originally a Greek city and even after its people were converted to Christianity, imagery from classical mythology, including depictions of Amazons, remained popular.
The Turkish city of Şanliurfa (ancient Edessa) is surrounded by desert bounded by the Taurus Mountains to the north, the Euphrates River to the east, and Syria to the south.
There is a legend involving the Image of Edessa, named after the ancient Turkish city of Edessa, which is modern-day Urfa.
The man in the Shroud, the Cloth of Edessa, and the various images we have of the Mandylion in Greek Orthodox churches look a lot alike.