Definitions

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A taxonomic genus within the family Enterobacteriaceae. They are inhabitants of the gastrointestinal tracts of warm-blooded animals and provide vitamin K for their host.

Etymologies

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Named in honor of its discoverer Theodor Escherich, a German pediatrician and bacteriologist.

Examples

  • The four proteins that bound and eluted to the greatest extent were expressed in Escherichia coli as C-terminal fusion proteins of maltose binding protein (MBP), as the solubilities of the free proteins were too low to permit full characterization.

    A Disclaimer for Behe?

  • In the early 1980s it was revealed in Escherichia coli that small RNA molecules (about 100 nucleotides in length) can bind to a complementary sequence in mRNA and inhibit translation2,3.

    Advanced Information: The 2006 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

  • The discovery of sexualtity in Escherichia coli and the investigation of the bacteriophage lambda made it possible to answer this question, and in a general way.

    André Lwoff - Nobel Lecture

  • Although it is possible to examine water for a specific pathogenic organism, a much more sensitive test for routine analysis uses an indicator organism, called Escherichia coli (coliform, or E-coli), which is a normal inhabitant of the intestine of warmblooded animals and is excreted in large numbers.

    16. Water

  • Coli every year in the United States, and about 36 percent of them come from the strain known as Escherichia coli 0157:H7 that Oregon officials blame for this latest outbreak, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

    FOXNews.com

  • The Whitsunday Regional Council issued the warning yesterday after recent tests on the Bowen water system found the bacteria, medically termed Escherichia coli.

    AustralianIT.com.au | Top Stories

  • But biologists in the United States say they have genetically engineered a humble bacterium called Escherichia coli that could provide a cheaper, more effective alternative.

    nst online

  • The appearance of antibiotic-resistant food-borne pathogens such as Escherichia coli and Campylobacter coincided with the rise of the sort of large-scale confinement farming operations that routinely give antibiotics to their animals.

    FDA Warns on Antibiotics in Livestock

  • Choose one specific organism, such as Escherichia coli

    Flagellum evolution -- how's your German? - The Panda's Thumb

  • The presence of bacteriological indicators such as Escherichia coli (E. coli) provides positive proof of the faecal origin of such pollution.

    8. Water treatment

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