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  • The assumption that Yahweh is derived from the verb “to be”, as seems to be implied in Exod.iii. 14 seq., is not free from difficulty.

    jhvh is the enemy of god and man

  • In the Bible, a Hebrew woman with the same name, Shiphra, was one of two midwives the Pharaoh commissioned to kill all the male Hebrew children at the time Moses was born Exod.

    Roger Isaacs: Passover In Egypt: Did The Exodus Really Happen?

  • It is noteworthy that Exod 1: 1 – 2 in its highly schematic survey of Hebrew history from the descent of Jacob into Egypt until the birth of Moses, mentions by name only the midwives Shiphrah and Puah.

    Puah: Bible.

  • The Hebrew text of Exod 1: 15 supports either the view that Puah and Shiphrah were “Hebrew midwives” or the view that they were “midwives to the Hebrews.”

    Puah: Bible.

  • The Hebrew term for “birth stool” in Exod 1: 16, obnayim, means literally “two stones.”

    Puah: Bible.

  • She first appears by name, however, in the crossing of the Red Sea (Exod 15: 20 – 21).

    Miriam: Bible.

  • She may be Zipporah, the known wife of Moses (Exod 2: 21, 18: 2), or another woman.

    Miriam: Bible.

  • Contrary to the impression that her one stanza sung at the sea (Exod 15: 1 – 18) is but an abridgement of the lengthy song attributed to Moses (Exod 5: 1 – 31), historical and literary studies show that the latter version is itself the Song of Miriam.

    Miriam: Bible.

  • It may refer to the African country of Cush (see Gen 10: 6; 1 Chr 1: 8) or to Midian, the region east of the Gulf of Aqabah from which Zipporah came (see Exod 3: 1, 18: 1; Hab 3: 7).

    Miriam: Bible.

  • The historian Josephus deems Hur the husband of Miriam (Antiquities 3.54; see Exod 17: 10 – 12).

    Miriam: Bible.


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