from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A pidgin language based primarily on Zulu, spoken in South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Zambia.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • Chilapalapa, otherwise known as Fanagalo, was a simplistic form of Ngoni Zulu, Xhosa, Ndebele, and related languages, amalgamated with snippets of English, Dutch, and Afrikaans.

    Rainbow’s End

  • For years Fanakalo [or Fanagalo], a mixture of English, Afrikaans and Zulu, was the lingua franca of the mining industry in South Africa.

    ANC Daily News Briefing

  • Mainly we referred to Africans as Africans or “boys” or “girls” or munts, which had an ever-so-slightly disrespectful feel about it but was there in the Fanagalo phrase book in black and white, muntu, as meaning nothing more sinister than a person or a human being.

    Rainbow’s End

  • I should have added: it's relatively common to hear Zulu/Fanagalo words spoken in informal South African English. WORDGUMBO.

  • Fanagalo, the jargon used on the mines, he advised them to 'tchella lo baas wena meningi mali; picanniny sebenza', meaning 'demand more pay and less work'.

    Class & Colour in South Africa 1850-1950 - Chapter 7

  • "After asking me all these questions they told me I was speaking in Fanagalo (a mixture of isiZulu, English and Afrikaans) and told me to get into the van," she said.


  • With the addition of Zulu, Sotho and Fanagalo voices, this percentage increases up to over 63\%.


  • These are the following traditional African languages, Zulu, Sotho and Fanagalo.


  • Fanagalo is a mixture of simplified languages that include Zulu, Xhosa, English, Dutch and Afrikaans established in the early 20th century among miners and farmers.


  • I’d picked it up from Dad, from Medicine, and from Granny’s Fanagalo phrase book, which made me laugh with its unlikely scenarios and dire warnings:

    Rainbow’s End


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