Definitions

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A taxonomic genus within the family Phasianidae.

Etymologies

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Examples

  • Guinea-fowl (Numididae), bustards (Otididae), hornbills (Bucerotidae) and francolins Francolinus sp. are found throughout the park, and raptors such as vultures (Accipitridae), fish eagle Haliaeetus vocifer, martial eagle Polemaetus bellicosus, and Gobar goshawk Melieraz gabar are also common.

    'W' National Park, Niger

  • Notable mountain forest birds are the Rwenzori turaco, Musophaga johnstoni and the handsome francolin, Francolinus nobilis; also the forest ground thrush Turdus oberlaenderi and the shoebill Balaeniceps rex.

    Virunga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo

  • Forest birds include green ibis Mesembrinibis cayennensis (local Mount Kenya race), Ayre's hawk eagle Hieraaetus dubius, Abyssinian long-eared owl Asio abyssinicus, scaly francolin Francolinus squamatus, Ruppell's robin-chat Cossypha semirufa, and numerous sunbirds (Nectariniidae).

    Mount Kenya National Park and National Forest, Kenya

  • Other birds include scarlet-tufted malachite sunbird Nectarinia johnstoni, mountane francolin Francolinus psilolaemus, Mackinder's eagle owl Bubo capensis mackinderi, and the locally threatened scarce swift Schoutedenapus myioptilus.

    Mount Kenya National Park and National Forest, Kenya

  • The Sajnakhali area contains a wealth of water birds, noteworthy residents including Asian openbill stork Anastomus oscitans, black-necked stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus, greater adjutant Leptoptilos dubius (E), white ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus, swamp francolin Francolinus gularis, white-collared kingfisher Halcyon chloris, black-capped kingfisher H. pileata and brown-winged kingfisher Pelargopsis amauroptera.

    Sundarbans National Park, India

  • The near-endemic grey-striped francolin (Francolinus griseostriatus) occurs mainly on the escarpment of the Angolan Scarp Savanna and Woodland ecoregion, but its range is very localized and it has been recorded in the Afromontane region.

    Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic

  • These montane regions support a number of endemics: the Mount Cameroon francolin (Francolinus camerunensis, EN) and the Mount Cameroon speirops (Speirops melanocephalus, VU) are endemic to Mount Cameroon, while the Mount Kupe bush-shrike (Malaconotus kupeensis, EN) is largely confined to Mount Kupe, where only 21 square kilometers of habitat remains (it has recently been discovered at two additional localities).

    Biological diversity in the Guinean forests of West Africa

  • Another important flagship species is the Djibouti francolin (Francolinus ochropectus, CR), which is found only in two sites in Djibouti, Forêt de Day, which is thought to be the only viable site for this imperiled species, and the nearby Mabla Mountains.

    Biological diversity in the Horn of Africa

  • However, the ecoregion harbors two globally threatened species, the Bengal florican and the lesser florican (Eupodotis indica), as well as the threatened Pallas's fish-eagle (Haliaeetus leucoryphus) and swamp francolin (Francolinus gularis).

    Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests

  • Two of these species are strictly endemic to Mount Cameroon: Mount Cameroon francolin (Francolinus camerunensis, EN) and the Mount Cameroon speirops (Speirops melanocephalus, VU).

    Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests

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