from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- proper n. The type genus of the Gentianaceae; it is a genus of herbs nearly cosmopolitan in cool temperate regions; in some classifications it includes the genera Gentianopsis and Gentianella.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of plants, the type of the order Gentianaceæ.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. type genus of the Gentianaceae; cosmopolitan genus of herbs nearly cosmopolitan in cool temperate regions; in some classifications includes genera Gentianopsis and Gentianella
Sorry, no etymologies found.
In association with the shrub complex are a variety of herbs such as Gentiana prolata, G. stellata, edelweiss Leontopodium stracheyi, Codonopsis thalictrifolia, Thalictrum chelidonii, lilies Lilium nepalense and Notholirion macrophyllum, Fritillaria cirrhosa and primroses, Primula denticulata, P. atrodentata, P. wollastonii and P. sikkimensis.
Forb species that respond favorably to high grazing pressure include Gentiana spp.,
Thalictrum alpinum, and more than ten species of Gentiana.
Potentilla, Pedicularis, Primula, Lancea, Gentiana, and monocots such as Allium are some of the more abundant forbs.
Associated herbs are gentians, Gentiana ornata and G. algida var. przewalskii, edelweiss Leontopodium jacotianum and Himalayan blue poppy Meconopsis horridula.
An additional 10,350 ha, from 1,700 m to 2,020 m, supports isolated individuals of parahebes Parahebe sp., gentian Gentiana gellidifolia, buttercup and others, although above 2,000 m the only obvious plants are crustose lichens.
About 3,500 vascular plant species are recorded from the mountains, of which about 200 are endemic, such as Thalictrum macrocarpum, Androsace hirtella, Saxifraga hariotii, Hieracium compositum, Gentiana burseri, Globularia gracilis, and Galium caespitosum.
A rich, unique herb flora of Anemone begoniifolia, Gentiana cephalantha, Gerbera piloselloides, Inula cappa, Lilium bakerianum, L. ochraceum, Primula denticulata, and Senecio densiflora grows in these open forests, considered a fire-maintained preclimax community.
Genera include Rhododendron, the pretty herbs Gentiana, and grass Deschampsia.
The flora, especially on the limestone which is one of the most active centers of floristic speciation in the Balkans, includes many rare species such as the Pirin poppy, Papaver pirinica, golden aquilegia Aquilegia aurea, yellow gentian Gentiana lutea and edelweiss Leontopodium alpinum.