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- proper n. A taxonomic genus within the family Thamnophilidae.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The caatinga antwren (Herpsilochmus sellowi) has an isolated population in the Serra do Cachimbo.
Systematic revision and biogeography of the Herpsilochmus pileatus complex, with description of a new species from northeastern Brazil.
Endemic species found here include Rio Branco antbirds (Cercomacra carbonaria), spot-backed antwrens (Herpsilochmus dorsimaculatus), chestnut-crested antbirds (Rhegmatorhina cristata), and Orinoco piculets (Picumnus pumilus).
Also found in restinga forests are several species threatened with extinction, including plants (Bumelia capitata and Jacquinia brasiliensis), an amphibian (Aparasphenodon brunoi), a bird (Herpsilochmus pectoralis) and a mammal (Lutra longicaudis).
There are three species that fall into this specialized group: helmeted pygmy-tyrant, black-headed antbird and an undescribed Herpsilochmus antwren.
The Herpsilochmus was found several years ago by other ornithologists at an intermediate site.