Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The planet Venus in its appearance as the evening star.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. The planet Venus when observed as an evening star.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Venus when she is the evening star; Hesper.
  • n. Evening.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The evening star; especially, the planet Venus as evening star (as morning star, called by the Greeks Phosphoros, and by the Romans Lucifer, ‘light-bringer’): in mythology, personified as a son of Astræus and Eos (Aurora), or a son or brother of Atlas, and sometimes called the “father of the Hesperides.” Also, poetically, Hesper.
  • n. [NL.] In entomology, a genus of Staphylinidæ or rove-beetles.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a planet (usually Venus) seen at sunset in the western sky

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English, from Latin, from Greek hesperos; see Hesperian.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin hesperus, from Ancient Greek ἕσπερος (hesperos), originally an adjective ‘western’.

Examples

  • Another very amenable aspect of all things Hesperus is the forewords and for this book they have enlisted Russell Hoban who quotes the poem as a form of explanation for all these short stories.

    50 entries from June 2007

  • The evening star they called Hesperus, and from its place on the western horizon, fabled an earthly hero of that name, the son of Atlas, who from the slopes of that mountain on the verge of the known world used to observe the stars until eventually carried off by a mighty wind, and so translated to the skies.

    Young Folks' Library, Volume XI (of 20) Wonders of Earth, Sea and Sky

  • Both Floribel and Olivia are gentle girls — Hesperus is a person swayed by circumstances and his own passions — Claudio is a sort of joker — and the rest have no very distinguishing traits.

    Review of The Brides' Tragedy

  • Hesperus is admitted to his father, in chains and in a dungeon, when the following dialogue ensues.

    Review

  • Because of his deliberations regarding his promise to his father, Hesperus is late to visit

    Introduction

  • Hesperus is preparing for execution at the hands of the state.

    Introduction

  • Instead of finding the strength of the play to be in its radical interiorization of conflict as Agar does, Thompson finds that the "play fails to dramatize the conflict between free will and necessity; Hesperus is a passive, emotionally disoriented (although not insane, as other characters and some critics assume) spiritual bankrupt whose only solution is to negate life"

    Introduction

  • Greek philosophers to realize the identity of Phosphorus and Hesperus, that is Venus at her two elongations, so that the Greeks did not know this until the sixth century before our era.

    The Astronomy of the Bible An Elementary Commentary on the Astronomical References of Holy Scripture

  • Hesperus, which is placed the brightest star in heaven, [707] proceeds amongst other stars in the unseasonable time of night, so it shone from the well-sharpened spear which Achilles, designing mischief to noble

    The Iliad of Homer (1873)

  • Venus starre, otherwise called Hesperus and Vesper and Lucifer, both because he seemeth to be one of the brightest starres, and also first ryseth and setteth last.

    Shepheardes Calendar

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