from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Offensive Theravada Buddhism.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. Theravada Buddhism.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. a major school of Buddhism teaching personal salvation through one's own efforts.
- n. one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing personal salvation through one's own efforts; chiefly in Sri Lanka (Ceylon); Myanmar (Burma); Thailand; Cambodia.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an offensive name for the early conservative Theravada Buddhism; it died out in India but survived in Sri Lanka and was taken from there to other regions of southwestern Asia
- n. a major school of Buddhism teaching personal salvation through one's own efforts
Thus the Hinayana is oriented towards working on the self; the Mahayana towards working with the other (and with otherness).
The terms Hinayana (Theg-dman) and Mahayana (Theg-chen), meaning modest or “lesser” vehicle and vast or “greater” vehicle, first appeared in The Sutras on Far-reaching Discriminating Awareness (Sher-phyin-gyi mdo, Skt. Prajnaparamita Sutras; The Perfection of Wisdom Sutras), as a way of expressing the superiority of Mahayana.
Although some have suggested alternative names to refer to the eighteen as a whole, we shall use the more commonly known term Hinayana for them, but without intending any pejorative connotation.
The terms Hinayana (Lesser Vehicle or Modest Vehicle) and Mahayana (Greater Vehicle or Vast Vehicle) originated in The Prajnaparamita Sutras (The Sutras on Far-Reaching Discriminating Awareness, The Perfection of Wisdom Sutras).
Theravada ( "tradition of the elders") Buddhism is also sometimes referred to as Hinayana ( "little vehicle") Buddhism.
Thus, calling Hinayana "Southern Buddhism" and Mahayana "Northern Buddhism" is also inadequate.
The shravaka sutras, often called the Hinayana (modest vehicle) sutras, include the Pali canon of the Theravada tradition and the Sanskrit canons of seventeen other early Indian Buddhist schools.
The Hinayana, which is today the type of Buddhism in Ceylon, Burma and
The canon of Southern scripture is called the Hinayana, the
I use the term "Hinayana" here in line with the Tibetan