from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A political theory promulgated by Thomas Hobbes, advocating absolute monarchy as the means of guaranteeing a stable civil society.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. The Hobbesian philosophical system.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The philosophical system of Thomas Hobbes, an English materialist (1588-1679); esp., his political theory that the most perfect form of civil government is an absolute monarchy with despotic control over everything relating to law, morals, and religion.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The doctrines of Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679), an English philosopher.
The Restoration brought Hobbes a pension; but both his works were condemned by Parliament, and "Hobbism" became, ere he died, a popular synonym for irreligion and immorality.
Locke tempered Hobbism, granting us inalienable rights and the power to resist tyranny, but he did so because he believed humans to be free moral reasoners, created in the image of God.
The triumph of mechanistic psychology cannot be understood, however, without taking fully into account the influences exerted on it, often in an eclectic man - ner, by the overlapping currents of Hobbism, Lockean empiricism, and Epicureanism in the intellectual set - ting of the early eighteenth century.
He allowed also, with Plato, that wickedness is irrational, by which concession Hobbism is marked off from a celebrated theory stated at the beginning of the second book of Plato's Republic, to which theory in other respects it bears a strong resemblance; the theory being that right by nature is the interest of the stronger, and only by convention becomes the interest of the State.
“That which would help a man to keep a Coach and six horses,” but he is a lucid and vigorous writer, knowing very well that he had to steer his ship through a narrow and dangerous channel, avoiding Hobbism on the one side and tender consciences on the other.
As against this fashionable Hobbism, Parker pleads Conscience.
They did not perceive its direction towards that "perfect Hobbism," which the author declared to be the only practical alternative to a democracy so austere as to be intolerable.
The division of two co-equal realms, one temporal, the other spiritual, was replaced in the Genevese thinker by what he admitted to be "pure Hobbism."
Like the rest of the fine gentlemen about him he aired his Hobbism in sneers at the follies of religion and the squabbles of creeds.
Hobbism became ere he died a popular synonym for political as well as religious immorality.