from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A Christian supporting the Council of Nicaea's Trinitarian definition of Jesus the Son of God as consubstantial with God the Father.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. One of those, in the 4th century, who accepted the Nicene creed, and maintained that the Son had the same essence or substance with the Father; -- opposed to homoiousian.
- adj. Of or pertaining to the Homoousians, or to the doctrines they held.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Having the same nature.
- [capitalized] Pertaining to the Homoöusians or their doctrines.
But these Fathers would not accept the Homoousian formula, dreading lest it be taken to signify one material or abstract substance, according to the usage of the heathen philosophies.
Arian and Athanasian chiefly, -- to damn to eternal perdition (and temporal excommunication when possible) the vile heretics of the other: Homoiousian to thunder against Homoousian, Homoousian against Homoiousian: _Arius contra Athanasium, _ and _Athanasius contra mundum: _ -- till the air of the whole Roman world is thick with the fumes of brimstone and the stench of the Nether Pit.
Only the Egyptians, with the exception of George, the intruder into the See of Athanasius, were avowedly Homoousian.
'This' a Homoousian may have said 'is a practical matter.
Fifteen hundred years ago, in south-eastern Europe, men who held the Homoousian opinion of the Trinity were gathered in arms against the Homoiousians.
Caesarea, which by changes and the insertion of Homoousian phrases (such as _ek tes ousias tou patrous; gennetheis, ou poietheis; homoousios to patri_) was amended into an unequivocal clean-cut, anti-Arian confession.
The rival doctrines of the Homoousian and of the Homoiousian, containing metaphysical differences so attenuated that they could hardly be stated, turned bishop against bishop and congregation against congregation.
His characteristic functions of Redeemer, Mediator, King, and final Judge, must all cease to be attributable to Christ; and the conclusion is, that between the Homoousian scheme and mere
Homoousian party; and the misfortune of fourscore ecclesiastics of
The highways of the East were crowded with Homoousian, and Arian, and Semi-Arian, and Eunomian bishops, who struggled to outstrip each other in the holy race: the apartments of the palace resounded with their clamors; and the ears of the prince were assaulted, and perhaps astonished, by the singular mixture of metaphysical argument and passionate invective.