from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. The major technological, socioeconomic and cultural change in the late 18th and early 19th century resulting from the replacement of an economy based on manual labour to one dominated by industry and machine manufacture.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The changes in the methods of production as well as the resulting changes in economic and social organization accompanying the replacement of hand labor by power-driven machinery. It started in England in about 1760, and spread to other countries with very varying time lags. The introduction of powered machinery such as the steam engine and power loom led to the concentration of large areas of manufacturing in large companies, and made some goods more plentiful and cheaper by mechanical production and economies of scale.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the transformation from an agricultural to an industrial nation
Sorry, no etymologies found.
(This mania eventually subsided, however: by the Industrial Revolution, only a dozen or so tennis courts could be found in all of France.)
This all changed with the Industrial Revolution, however, when advances in transportation and weaponry lethality, the appearance of modern concepts of nationalism, and the advent of mass literacy combined to transform armed conflict into a high-volume human meat-grinder, necessitating the recruiting and maintenance of huge conscript armies of temporary citizen-soldiers in order to fight “total” wars not of lord-against-lord or even state-against-state but of population-against-population.
But, as it was, even when the French Revolution had spent its force in the conquests of Napoleon, the Industrial Revolution stirred up enough social and political discontent.
Reformation and the Renaissance the towns again are transformed; and yet more thoroughly than ever by the Industrial Revolution, with its factories, railways, steamships, and all that they bring with them.
Until one day, along came the Industrial Revolution
It is no accident that this unprecedented rise started with the Industrial Revolution, since which humans have burned ever increasing amounts of fossil fuels: coal, natural gas and petroleum.
Social changes that started with the Industrial Revolution had long ago passed the point of no return.
By 1832, the Industrial Revolution was well on its way to changing how many Americans lived, but the common man and his family were limited in how they earned their living out in the country.
The World Moeteorlogical Organization says the increase began with the Industrial Revolution over 200 years ago.
I kept going back to the earlier parts of the Industrial Revolution and thinking that would be a great time period.