from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A taxonomic family within the order Asparagales — the Irises and related plants.


Iris +‎ -aceae (Wiktionary)


  • Note 4: Renosterveld geophytes include Iridaceae, Asphodelaceae, Colchicaceae, Hyacinthaceae, Eriospermaceae, and Orchidaceae; van Rooyen and Steyn, 19. back

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  • Its four main components are heaths, the Proteaceae, reedlike Restionaceae and geophytes (bulb-plants) including many Iridaceae.

    Cape Floral Protected Areas, South Africa

  • Threats include introduced weeds (especially grasses, Iridaceae, Asteraceae, Fabaceae, and Brassicaceae), grazing by introduced and domestic animals, and dieback (or root rot) caused by Phytophthora spp.

    Southwest Australia woodlands

  • Geophyte diversity is particularly high; the lowland and montane ecoregion support about 1,500 species, most belonging to the petaloid monoct families, notably Iridaceae, Orchidaceae, Hyacinthaceae, and Amaryllidaceae.

    Lowland fynbos and renosterveld

  • Geophyte diversity is remarkably high; the lowland and montane fynbos ecoregions support about 1,500 species, most belonging to the petaloid monocot families, notably Iridaceae, Orchidaceae, Hyacinthaceae, and Amaryllidaceae.

    Montane fynbos and renosterveld

  • Most of the 630 species of geophytes are petaloid monocots in the families Hyacinthaceae (Lachenalia, Ornithogalum), Iridaceae (Babiana, Lapeirousia, Moraea, Romulea), Amaryllidaceae (Brunsvigia, Hessea, Strumaria) and Asphodelaceae (Bulbine, Trachyandra).

    Succulent Karoo

  • With mouthparts up to 50 mm long, these hovering flies are the exclusive pollinators of 28 species of Geraniaceae and Iridaceae in the Namaqualand-Namib Domain.

    Succulent Karoo

  • The Kamiesberg Massif has high levels of endemism especially among bulb genera, namely Babiana, Lapeirousia, Moraea, and Romulea (Iridaceae).

    Succulent Karoo

  • Saffron is a spice derived from the flower of the saffron crocus Crocus sativus, a species of crocus in the family Iridaceae.

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  • Dietes vegeta N.E.Br., Moraea iridioides L., Moraea vegeta Mill. is an ornamental plant in the Iridaceae family.

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