from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The uprising of the French peasants against the nobility in 1358.
- n. A peasant revolt, especially a very bloody one.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The name given to a revolt of French peasants against the nobles in 1358, the leader assuming the contemptuous title, Jacques Bonhomme, given by the nobles to the peasantry. Hence, any revolt of peasants.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In French history, a revolt of the peasants against the nobles in northern France in 1358, attended by great devastation and slaughter; hence, any insurrection of peasants.
The reader is mistaken if he thinks that we take the word Jacquerie in
The reader is mistaken if he thinks that we take the word Jacquerie in a bad sense.
There was a terrible insurrection, called the Jacquerie, of the oppressed peasants against the nobles.
Worn down with oppression, the French peasants broke into a rebellion known as the Jacquerie, from the nickname of Jacques-Bonhomme, which the gentry gave to them.
Unfortunately, "Jacquerie" remained in the background of his mind, with the exception of two songs -- all we have to indicate what a stirring presentation our literature might have had of the fourteenth century awakening of "Jacques Bonhomme," that early precursor of the more terrible arousing in 'Ninety-Three.
The fourteenth century is interesting for the awakening, especially in Italy, of literature and art; for the wars between the French and English, and the English and the Scots; for the rivalry between the Italian republics; for the efforts of Rienzi to establish popular freedom at Rome; for the insurrection of the Flemish weavers, under the Van Arteveldes, against their feudal oppressors; for the terrible "Jacquerie" in Paris; for the insurrection of Wat
"Jacquerie;" the facts have at length been brought to light.
There was not, then, and the honest co-authors of the _coup d'état_ admit it now to their intimates, with playful delight, there was not any "Jacquerie," it is true; but the trick has told.
Again, it seems to have been inferred -- indeed, it has been so stated repeatedly, by persons who boast of his confidence -- that it was owing to his arrest and absence from the council of the Confederation, that measure of fatal rashness was adopted, of which he became the first victim; although it was his discretion and ability that kept the "Jacquerie," who then obtained the ascendant, in check from the beginning.
This impression inevitably would be that Mr. Duffy modelled and moulded the proceedings of the Confederation at his mere pleasure; that Mr. Duffy was not alone averse to revolution, but actually conservatively loyal; and that, in the spirit of that loyalty, he controlled the whole body, and kept an insensate "Jacquerie," which existed within it, in check -- that it was only when he was sent to prison this Jacquerie obtained the ascendant, and that Mr. Duffy was the victim of their intemperate folly.