from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. An Apache tribe formerly inhabiting southeast Colorado and northern New Mexico and ranging eastward to the Great Plains, with a present-day population in northern New Mexico.
  • n. A member of this tribe.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A Native American tribe.
  • proper n. The Athabascan language these people speak.


American Spanish (Apaches de la) Jicarilla, (Apaches of the) Jicarilla, probably diminutive of jícara, chocolate-cup (from the shape of a local hill), perhaps from Nahuatl xicalli, gourd, drinking vessel.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Spanish jicarilla ("little basket"), from jícara ("gourd cup"), from jícaro ("calabash tree"), from Nahuatl xicalli ("calabash gourd"). (Wiktionary)


  • The Jicarilla are a tribe of Athapascan stock, formerly occupying the mountain region about the headwaters of the Rio Grande, in northern New Mexico and the adjacent portion of Colorado, and ranging eastward into the plains.

    The Jicarilla Genesis

  • They are expert basket-makers, whence the came Jicarilla, meaning, in Spanish, "Little Basket."

    The Jicarilla Genesis

  • Long noted for its excellent elk hunting, the Jicarilla obviously hosts some monstrous mule deer as well.

    Monster Reservation Muley!

  • I have a friend with deep enough pockets to hunt the Jicarilla (for elk) about every other year, and he raves about it.

    Monster Reservation Muley!

  • In 1724 the Comanches made a raid so brutally effective against the Jicarilla band that they ended up carrying off half of the women and killed all but sixty-nine members of the band.7 The Jicarillas were soon begging for, and received, Spanish protection.


  • In 1733 a mission for the Jicarilla Apaches was founded on the Rio Trampas.


  • It was the big jolly chap, whose name was Maxwell, who explained what had happened; they had been lying in wait for some Jicarilla horse-thieves who were believed to be making south for the Jornada, when they had seen me coming lickety-split with the Mimbrenos behind me.


  • The project will provide a reliable municipal and industrial water supply to the eastern section of the Navajo Nation, southwestern part of the Jicarilla Apache Nation, and the city of Gallup, New Mexico via annual diversions of 37,376 acre-feet of water from the San Juan River.

    Salazar Signs Decision on Navajo-Gallup Water Supply Project, Clearing the Way for Historic Water Rights Settlement

  • Of those languages, there are three spoken only by older adults in the communities, including the Mescalero and Jicarilla pueblos, Sims said.

    mjh's blog — 2007 — September

  • One very elderly man, a member of the Jicarilla Apache Tribe, had his niece help him to his feet to ask me a question.

    Tim Giago: The Difference Between Victims and Victimhood


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