from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A member of a Buddhist Mongol people now located primarily in Kalmyk.
- n. The Mongolian language of this people.
- A region of southwest Russia on the Caspian Sea. Settled in the early 17th century by Kalmyk people from central China, it came under Russian control after 1646.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Of, or pertaining to, Kalmykia
- n. Someone from Kalmykia.
- proper n. A Mongolic language, spoken in and around Kalmykia in Russia.
And not just in English: the encyclopedia currently exists in 278 languages, from Kalmyk to Crimean Tatar, Sanskrit to Inuktitut.
In his early years as Fide president Ilyumzhinov built a 'chess city', made the game mandatory in Kalmyk schools, and financed grandmaster chess so generously that his dubious human rights record and eccentric claim to have met "humanoid aliens" were shrugged off.
Serious allegations: Kalmyk governor leaks classified information to ‘humanoid’ aliens
Ancient Ways by SM Stirling, set in his Emberverse setting, sees a Cossack and a Kalmyk warrior join forces to rescue a princess from the city of Astrakhan.
If your documents say you are a Jew, a Tatar, an Armenian, a Chukcha, a Ukrainian, a Kalmyk, a German, a Korean, an Ossetian, etc. then that is what you are.
Question: As a comment to the previous question, one could take the Mongol/Kalmyk translation of “going for refuge” – gurban erdeni-dür itegemüi – which uses the verb itegekü commonly translated as “to believe someone; to believe in someone/something; to have faith in someone/something; to hope for something.”
A good knowledge of Kalmyk history, as well as of the Kalmyk cultural, spiritual, and intellectual traditions, reinforced by a sound knowledge of the Kalmyk language, will instill in you a deeply felt sense of pride and achievement.
Question: As you know, the Kalmyk people have suffered great losses during the twentieth century, and unfortunately very few younger people know the Kalmyk language today.
The Kalmyk people have demonstrated enormous courage, determination, and adaptability in surviving wars, massacres, displacements, and distant migrations over their long history.
Three herds of saiga live in the northern Caspian zone: the Ustyurt herd (between the Caspian and Aral Sea), Guriev herd (area between the Volga and Ural Rivers), and the Kalmyk herd.