Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • A city of northeast Ukraine east of Kiev. Founded in the 1600s, it was an important frontier headquarters of Ukrainian Cossacks who were loyal to the Russian czars. Today it is a major industrial center and transportation hub.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun An industrial city in eastern Ukraine, administrative centre of Kharkiv province.
  • proper noun Kharkiv province (oblast), in eastern Ukraine.
  • proper noun Kharkiv river in Ukraine.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a city in northeastern Ukraine; former capital of the Ukraine

Etymologies

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Ukrainian Харків (Xárkiv) = Russian Харьков (Xár’kov). The city's name comes from the Kharkiv River. There is also a folk etymology that the city and river are named after a Cossack going by Харко (Xarkó) < Харько (Xar’kó) < Greek Χαρίτων (Khariton), but there is no hard evidence supporting this.

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