from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Variants of Kyrgyz.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A language of Kyrgyzstan.
  • proper n. Turkish ethnic group in Kyrgyzstan.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a landlocked republic in west central Asia bordering on northwestern China; formerly an Asian soviet but became independent in 1991
  • n. a member of a people of Turkic speech and Mongolian race inhabiting vast regions of central Siberia
  • n. the Turkic language spoken by the Kirghiz


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Possibly from the Kyrgyz words "кырк кыз" (forty girls), a reference to the Manas epic unifying forty small tribes against the Chinese and the Muslim expansion; or possibly from "кырк ууз" (the forty tribes); or possibly from "кыргыс" (imperishable, inextinguishable, undying).


  • Kazakh has been referred to as Kirghiz, Kirghiz-Kaisak, or Kazakh-Kirghiz while Kara-Kirghiz or Kara-Kyrgyz black Kyrgyz was the term used for what we call Kyrgyz.

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  • Schools were established to instruct students in everything from Ukrainian and Kirghiz to Evenk and Chukchi.

    The Return

  • In Central Asia, they combined small clans and tribes to form the Kazakh, Kirghiz, and Turkmen “nations.”

    The Return

  • However their common predominant characteristic is a strong rhythmical regularity based on a complex of eight syllables with a strong accent on the uneven numbers alternating with the more weakly accented numbers, somewhat reminiscent of the Kirghiz Manas and other Asiatic oral epics.

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  • An eclectic mix of people—Tajiks, Uzbeks, Kirghiz, Pakistanis, and Pashtuns—flowed back and forth on the sidewalks and streets in their various headgear.

    A Nightmare’s Prayer

  • Portions of his book From Dictatorship to Democracy: A Conceptual Framework for Liberation were translated into Serbian, just as in years to come they would be translated into Russian, Georgian, Kirghiz . . . and Farsi.

    Let the Swords Encircle Me

  • Hopkins is omnipresent in the film, interviewing members of the tribe, and also shown directing some fictional films within the film about the Pamir Kirghiz, filling in their 20th century backstory (these inner films are themselves tricked up Maddin-like with iris outs, imposed scratches, and intertitles).

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  • Kirghiz is a Turkic language spoken in the former Soviet Republic of Kirgizskaya.

    Globalization and small languages

  • This is also the area where Kirghiz is spoken by a small group of unknown size.

    Globalization and small languages

  • Afghanistan, too, is an artificial construct: the country is populated by Pashtuns in the south, Tajiks and Uzbeks in the north, Kirghiz in the east, Hazara descendants of the Mongols in the middle, whose common history is not so much the experience of living in a single state as banding together against the incursions of czarist Russia and the British Raj.

    The Great Experiment


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