from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun The struggle (1871–1883) between the Roman Catholic Church and the German government under Bismarck for control over school and ecclesiastical appointments and civil marriage.
- noun A conflict between secular and religious authorities.
from The Century Dictionary.
- noun A struggle for civilization: a name given to the conflict between the imperial government of Germany and the Roman Church, which lasted from 1872 till 1886.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun (Ger. Hist.) Lit., culture war; -- a name, originating with Virchow (1821 - 1902), given to a struggle between the Roman Catholic Church and the German government, chiefly over the latter's efforts to control educational and ecclesiastical appointments in the interest of the political policy of centralization. The struggle began with the passage by the Prussian Diet in May, 1873, of the so-called May laws, or Falk laws, aiming at the regulation of the clergy. Opposition eventually compelled the government to change its policy, and from 1880 to 1887 laws virtually nullifying the May laws were enacted.
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
The idea of cultural wars is as alien to the British nation as the word Kulturkampf is to the English language.
It was during the discussion of these Falk Bills that the word Kulturkampf was first used.
A bit of synchronicity in the use of the word Kulturkampf, because yesterday, just for fun, I looked up Harper's astrological sun and moon sign and got a bit of a shock.
There've been many struggles for culture, but the Kulturkampf was the Kulturkampf.
German states between Church and State called the Kulturkampf (q. v.); during this period a law was issued in Saxony concerning the exercise of State supervision.
One important consequence of the Kulturkampf was the earnest endeavour of the Catholics to obtain a greater influence in national and municipal affairs; how weak they formerly were in both respects was clear to them only after the great conflict had begun.
My basic assessment of you is this: (1) you try to use lofty words like "Kulturkampf" to make yourself seem more educated than you actually are; or (2) you have become so thoroughly saturated some of the spin you propound that you think words like "Kulturkampf" might actually impress.
You then just compound the problem by using the Hitlerite "Kulturkampf" in the title.
The "Kulturkampf" raged in Baden, as in the rest of Germany; and here as elsewhere the government encouraged the formation of Old Catholic communities.
"Kulturkampf", and numerous discourses and pastoral letters.