from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • An ancient city of Sumer in southern Mesopotamia. It flourished c. 2400 B.C. and after the fall of Akkad (2180) enjoyed a classical revival noted for its sculpture and literature.


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  • We may indeed go further and assume that Girsu and Uru-azagga are the two oldest quarters of the city, the combination of the two representing the first natural steps in the development of the principality, afterwards known as Lagash, through the addition of other quarters [33].

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  • Some cities, such as Lagash and Uruk, became independent, though their rulers retained the title of governor (ensi).

    c. The Sumerians and the Akkadians

  • The fig, historically symbolizing fertility and faith, was one of the first cultivated fruits and has appeared in texts dating as far back as the Sumerian tablets of Lagash 2738-2371 B.C.

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  • It is taken from a clay document written about 2300 B.C. in the Sumerian city-state of Lagash.

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  • When Gudea, the prince of Lagash in Sumeria around 2125 B.C., wanted a new temple built he depicted his vision as a simple plan etched in stone.

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  • These case studies show that the benefits of virtual heritage go far beyond the capabilities of conventional illustration techniques, especially the traditional 2D drawing types that have been used to represent architecture since the time of Prince Gudea of Lagash.

    Why do Virtual Heritage? - Introduction

  • In the third millennium BC, it was a fertile plain densely populated by such cities as Ur, Lagash, Girsu, Larsa, and Umma; today, the shifting course of the Euphrates and Saddam Hussein's brutal campaign to drain the marshes, to the southeast, have left it in large part an impoverished wasteland.

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  • Uruk, Eridu, and Lagash suffered little or no looting; while Larsa and other sites had been extensively looted.

    The Devastation of Iraq's Past

  • Sumerians built walled city-states like Ur, Lagash and Umma,


  • For example, in Lagash the patron deity was Ningirsu.

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