from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Variant of Mandean.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A believer in, or follower of, Mandaeism
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. One of a very ancient religious body, still found, though its members are few, in the southern part of Babylonia.
- n. The dialect of Aramaic in which the four sacred books of the Mandæans are written.
- Pertaining to the Mandæans or to Mandæism. Also Mendœan.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the form of Aramaic used by the Mandeans
- n. a member of a small Gnostic sect that originated in Jordan and survives in Iraq and who believes that John the Baptist was the Messiah
- adj. of or relating to the Mandaean people or their language or culture
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The name Mandaean literally means Gnostic from manda, gnosis and properly refers to the laity only, although it is often applied to the community as a whole.
One of the subjects I'm currently working on is comparing the treatment of John the Baptist in Mandaean, Nag Hammadi, and other sources.
The family had joined a massive exodus; according to Mandaean leaders, less than 7,000 Mandaeans remain in Iraq, down from 50,000 to 60,000 in 2003.
The Sabean Mandaeans, a pre-Christian sect that follow the teachings of John the Baptist, now numbers about 5,000 in Iraq, down from an estimated 25,000 in early 2003, according to testimony by Suhaib Nashi, general-secretary of the Mandaean Associations Union, to the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom in July.
Even Doherty could make a case for his views, if one brings into consideration the Mandaean material in which a "jordan" (Mandaic yardna) is any flowing water appropriate for baptism, which connects one with the light world (presumably passing through the infamous sub-lunar realm).
These are ordinary earthenware bowls that ritual specialists or laypeople from the Jewish, Mandaean, Christian and pagan communities, who lived in close proximity in the cities of Babylonia, inscribed with incantations in their own dialects of Aramaic.
Deirdre Good highlighted an unspeakable error at least from the perspective of this Baptist interested in the Mandaeans! in the New York Times: the use of a photo of a Mandaean baptism to illustrate a story which mentions being baptized as a Baptist.
Spelling and the existence of a variety of groups with similar-sounding names, as well as significant uncertainties about Mandaean origins and history, mean that there is a lot of fascinating room for speculation, and for further historical investigation, but at present still a lot of uncertainty.
Shafiq AbouzaydI don't have time to work on it in short term as a paper for this conference, but at some point I would love to explore the evidence from Dura-Europos and other synagogues as background to the Mandaean identification of Adonai with Shemesh, the sun, as well as other planetary and zodiacal connections.
I've been doing research of late on the Mandaeans, who are also known as "Nasoreans", and it may be that a group like them, or some proto-Mandaean group that eventually developed into later Mandaism, existed already in New Testament times.