from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun A Christian heresy of the second and third centuries AD that rejected the Old Testament and denied the incarnation of God in Jesus as a human.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun Christianity An early Christian following akin to but distinct from
gnosticismwhich rejected the validity of the Old Testamentand essentially denied the Trinity, regarding God the Father as an inferior demiurge, and that Jesus had nothing to do with the First Person of the Trinity.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun the Christian heresy of the 2nd and 3rd centuries that rejected the Old Testament and denied the incarnation of God in Jesus as a human
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
The first half is directed against Marcionism, which is defended by Megethius (who maintains three principles) and Marcus (who defends two).
They are, so to speak, made for each other: the Old Testament is constituted in its very identity as "old" by the New Testament, and the same is true of their relation when seen the other way round: the New Testament is what it is only because of the Old. Neo-Marcionism
Marcionism had been roundly defeated and was in decline.
Only Marcionism, the accusation that their god was a lower god, could elicit such a violent reaction.
Thirdly my mind is blown by your belief that "only Marcionism, the accusation that their god was a lower god" would cause a riot among the Jews.
In other words, Jesus' view of the kingdom of God is so utterly unJewish that it confirms that Marcionism came before 'orthodoxy.'
The synoptics clearly also have a layer of Marcionism being covered over by proto-orthodox revisionism just like John.
We find Marcionism then is still in the text of our canon even after the proto-orthodox thought they had expunged it!
Then there was the Roman Emperor not liking Marcionism and creating the Catholic Church to edit all that material.
I think Julia O'Brien has an excellent point, as I see it, that most people read the Bible through a filter a hermeneutic of love, per Augustine; crass dispensationalism, per a virulent from of evangelicalism; a modern version of Marcionism, per theological liberalism almost unawares.