from The Century Dictionary.
- noun A genus of plants of the order Cruciferæ and tribe Arabideæ, characterized by a long many-seeded silique, and stigmas often thickened or horned at the back.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- proper noun A genus of Old World plants grown as ornamentals.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- proper noun A taxonomic
genuswithin the family Brassicaceae— the stocks.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun genus of Old World plants grown as ornamentals
Sorry, no etymologies found.
In these _khets_ Reseda is very abundant, Heliotrope is also common; I picked up a Matthiola and a Pommereulla.
_Joussa_ grows abundantly on its immediate banks, together with excellent grass and some clover, one or two new Compositae, one of them a Matthiola, otherwise Artemisiae, Stipa, Centaurea spinaceis herb.
In two flowers of _Matthiola incana_, that I observed to be joined together, there were eight sepals, eight petals, and ten perfect stamens, eight long and two short, instead of twelve.
Chorisis may also serve to account for some of these cases; thus, Eichler  figures a flower of _Matthiola annua_ with five long stamens instead of four; one of the long pairs of stamens has here undergone a greater degree of repetition than usual.
A few like the wall-flower (_Cheiranthus_) and stock (_Matthiola_) are cultivated for ornament.
Moquin mentions having seen the stamens of _Matthiola incana_ and
(_Matthiola sinuata_), the rare Sea-Cudweed (_Diotis candidissima_), and the Wild Asparagus (_A. officinalis_).
He has observed it even between closely related forms (as Matthiola annua and gilabra) which many botanists rank only as varieties.
-- The Ten-weeks and the biennial or Brompton stocks (species of _Matthiola_) are found in nearly all old-fashioned gardens.
Matthiola or stock, in many forms; Wallflower-leaved; bicornis.