from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. The ancestor language of Modern English, spoken in England and parts of Scotland (where it became Lowland Scots) from about 1100 AD to 1500 AD. It developed from Anglo-Saxon, also called Old English, with heavy influence from French and Latin after the Norman invasion.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. See English, n., 2.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. English from about 1100 to 1450
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Iambic pentameter is an import that Geoffrey Chaucer brought in from French verse, and it was unstable from the very beginning because French is a different stress universe than Middle English and it naturally falls into triplets and not doublets.
But Thomas's version is preserved in a Norwegian translation made by a monk Robert in 1226 and in the Middle English poem of "Sir Tristrem" Gottfried followed this version rather closely, and hence the merit of his work lies not in its composition, but in its style.
Origin is the Swedish lomra, “to resound,” and loma, “to walk heavily”; Middle English picked up the imitative word like rumbling, crumbling, cumbrous, ponderous in the 14th century as lomeren.
The oldest is from the Middle English ich hadde, pronounced shad or chad, meaning “I had” and legitimizing the Wall Street Journal headline, “Chad Enough?”