Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Christianity An adherent of the doctrine that in the person of Jesus there was but a single, divine nature. Coptic and Syrian Christians profess this doctrine.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A member of an early Christian sect which held that Jesus Christ has one nature, as opposed to the orthodox view that Christ has two natures, both fully man and fully God, and is co-eternal and co-substantial with the Father.
  • adj. Describing the beliefs of a Μonophysite.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. One of a sect, in the ancient church, who maintained that the human and divine in Jesus Christ constituted but one composite nature. Also used adjectively.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. One who holds that there is but one nature in Christ; more specifically, one of a sect which teaches that there is but one commingled or compound nature in Christ, partly divine and partly human, in contradistinction to the orthodox doctrine that by the incarnation two complete and perfect natures, the divine and the human, are united without confusion or mutation in the one person of Christ.
  • Same as Monophysitical.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. an adherent of Monophysitism
  • adj. of or relating to Monophysitism

Etymologies

Late Latin monophysīta, from Late Greek monophusītēs : Greek mono-, mono- + Greek phusis, nature; see bheuə- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Medieval Latin monophysita, from Byzantine Ancient Greek μονοφυσίτης (monophusitēs), from μόνος (monos, "single") + φύσις (phusis, "nature"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Unfortunately, however, for his fame he became entangled in that most wearisome of theological debates, which is known as the Monophysite controversy.

    Theodoric the Goth Barbarian Champion of Civilisation

  • Monophysite schism in Egypt following Council of Chalcedon; leads to persecution and martyrdom.

    A survey of West Africa: a Chronology

  • It's also a well-known fact among hagiographers that SEVERAL saints who were technically Arian, Monophysite, or even schismatic-Orthodox have found their ways into the various Catholic calendars, with FULL permission by the Church universal.

    Slow posting continues till mid-August...

  • After Mass this morning, I motored down to Cowfold to talk to the Carthusians about the Monophysite heresy and the Council of Chalcedon.

    Chalcedon, Oxford, Blackfen

  • It could be said that the Great Schism and for that matter the Nestorian and Monophysite heresies which produced the Lesser Eastern Churches -- Nestorian, Armenian, Coptic, Syrian, Ethiopian, and Indian owes its roots to clerical pride and jealousy, both Eastern and Western.

    Looking Eastward?

  • It is profitable, too, to reflect on the background against which St. Sophronius wrote: the Persian invasions that Emperor Heraclius repelled with desperate fighting, the Monophysite and Monothelite controversies within the Church, and the Moslem assault that placed the birthplace of Christianity under alien rule.

    Lenten Weblog

  • But note my Apollinarian, Pelagian, and Monophysite tendencies; this is because I allow a bit of verbal leniency to certain of their formulas, as able to be taken in a completely orthodox sense. posted by Brandon | 10:18 PM

    Chalcedon Compliant

  • The iconoclastic theologians has argued that the divine nature could not be circumscribed, and when one tries to depict Christ in his human nature, he depicts either a divided Nestorian Christ or a Monophysite Christ.

    Homily for the Feast of St John Damascene

  • To counteract Monophysite influence on Theodosius, Leo got Valentinian III, the Western Emperor, to wake up his cousin to the danger of fostering heresy.

    St. Leo the Great, pope and doctor of the church

  • In a famous letter to Flavian, the Pope so clearly and forcefully exposed and condemned the Monophysite error that this letter has been venerated as a creed.

    St. Leo the Great, pope and doctor of the church

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