from The Century Dictionary.
- noun A genus of trees of the order Leguminosæ and the tribe Sophoreæ, distinguished by a one-seeded pod winged at the base and anthers longer than the filaments.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- proper noun (Bot.) A genus of leguminous trees of tropical America, the different species of which yield balsamic products, among which are balsam of Peru, and balsam of Tolu. The species were formerly referred to Myrospermum.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun a genus of tropical American trees having pinnate leaves and white flowers
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Myroxylon balsamum var. balsamum and M. balsamum var. pereirae yield gums called tofu and Peru balsam, respectively.
Native to Central and South America, representatives of Myroxylon are used in folk as shade trees for cultivated crops, ornamentals, and for fine timber.
There is confusion about the number of species and varieties in the genus Myroxylon.
Myroxylon balsamum grows in areas with annual precipitation ranging from 1350-4030 mm (average 2640 mm), annual mean temperature of
Myroxylon balsamum var. pereirae is reported to grow on poor but well-drained soils, at altitudes up to 600 m (Duke 1981).
Allen and Allen (1981) report nodulation of Myroxylon balsamum.
Myroxylon balsamum var. pereirae has been introduced to southern Florida, Ceylon, India and West Africa (Duke 1981).
_Balsam of Tolu_ is produced from _Myroxylon toluiferum_.
Myroxylon, which yields the resinous drug called balsam of Tolu.
In this latter way is balsam of Peru procured from the _Myroxylon peruiferum_, and the balsam of Tolu from the