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  • The mammals include several threatened species, including the southern serow (Naemorhedus sumatraensis), Himalayan tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus), and markhor (Capra falconeri) that warrant conservation attention.

    Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests

  • There are several threatened species such as the endangered snow leopard, takin, and Himalayan goral (Naemorhedus baileyi), and the vulnerable serow (Capricornis sumatraensis) and Himalayan tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus) (in eastern Nepal and Sikkim) in this ecoregion.

    Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows

  • Two of these endemics, the Taiwan macaque (Macaca cyclopis) and Taiwan serow (Naemorhedus swinhoei), are first-class protected species.

    Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests

  • Globally endangered mammals, apart from the giant panda, are the red panda Ailurus fulgens (EN), the snow and cloud leopards Panthera uncia (EN) and Neofelis nebulosa (VU), the golden monkey Rhinopithecus roxellana (VU), Asiatic wild dog Cuon alpinus (VU), Asiatic black bear Selenarctos thibetanus (VU), whitelipped deer Cervus albirostris (VU), serow Capricornus sumatraensis (VU), goral Naemorhedus goral (VU) and argali sheep Ovis ammon (VU).

    The Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries, China

  • In the dipterocarp/deciduous forest, globally threatened species include tiger and banteng Bos javanicus (EN: 10 animals); stump-tailed macaque, Malayan porcupine Hystrix brachyura (VU), Asiatic wild dog, clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa (VU), marbled cat Pardofelis marmorata (VU), serow Naemorhedus sumatrensis and gaur Bos frontalis (VU: 150 animals).

    Dong Phayayan Khao-Yai Forest Complex, Thailand

  • The density of wild animals in the Valley is not high but all the animals found are nationally rare or endangered. 13 species of mammals are recorded for the Park and its vicinity although only 9 species have been sighted directly: common langur Presbytes entellus, flying squirrel Petaurista petaurista, Himalayan black bear Selenarctos thibetanus (VU), red fox Vulpes vulpes, Himalayan weasel Mustela sibirica, and Himalayan yellow marten Martes flavigula, goral Naemorhedus goral, Himalayan musk deer Moschus chrysogaste, Indian mouse deer Moschiola meminna, Himalayan thar Hemitragus jemlahicus (VU) and serow Capricornis sumatrensis (VU).

    Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Park, India

  • Important mammal species are: dwarf gymnure Holomys parvus (CR), Sumatran hare Nesolagus netscheri (CR), Panthera tigris sumatrae (CR), Sumatran rhino Dicerorhinos sumatrensis (CR), Beccari's shrew Crocidura beccari (EN), Sumatran elephant Elephas maximus sumatranus (EN), Asian tapir, Asian wild dog Cuon alpinus (VU), clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa (VU), and Sumatran goral Naemorhedus sumatrensis.

    Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra, Indonesia

  • The snow leopard (Uncia uncia) and the Tibetan wolf (Canis lupus) roam these high-altitude landscapes, hunting large ungulates such as the goral (Nemorhaedus goral), serow (Naemorhedus sumatraensis), Himalayan tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus), argali (Ovis ammon), and blue sheep (Pseudois nayur).

    Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows

  • They are the white-headed leaf monkey (Presbytis leucocephalus), Francois’ leaf monkey (P. francoisi), and southern serow (Naemorhedus sumatraensis).

    Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests


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