from The Century Dictionary.
- noun A geological doctrine, chiefly developed and supported by A. G. Werner (1750–1817), professor in the Mining Academy of Freiberg, Saxony, according to which the ancient crystalline schists and gneisses and even later basalts when inter-stratified with obvious sedimentary rocks, were precipitated from solution in the ocean: also
Wernerianism: the opposite of Plutonismor Huttonianism.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- proper noun historical A
discreditedscientific theory of geology, held by many scientists around the late 18th century and early 19th century, that rockswere formed from the crystallisationof minerals in the early Earth's oceans.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
As professor at Freiberg beginning in 1775, after, rather than before Guettard's work, he trained the students who, returning to their own countries, spread the new science which he called "geognosy" but they called "Wernerism" and "Neptunism."
Bouvard inclined towards Neptunism; Pécuchet, on the contrary, was a
He believed that all rock was once sediment or precipitate in a universal ocean, a view which became known as Neptunism.