Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Used formerly as a title for the monarch of Iran.
  • n. Used formerly as a title for the sultan of Turkey.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. a ruler of a Muslim country or state

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Chief ruler; monarch; sovereign; -- a title of the Sultan of Turkey, and of the Shah of Persia.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Great king; emperor: a title given by the Turks to the Sultan, and by extension to various European monarchs.

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Persian pādshāh : Old Persian pati-, master; see poti- in Indo-European roots + Persian shāh, king; see shah.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Persian پادشاه (pâdešâh, pâdšâh), Middle Persian pātaxšāh.

Examples

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