Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • An ancient country of southwest Asia corresponding to modern northeast Iran. It was included in the Assyrian and Persian empires and the Macedonian empire of Alexander the Great. A Parthian kingdom lasted from c. 250 BC to AD 226, reaching the height of its influence and landholdings at the beginning of the first century BC. Parthian soldiers were renowned as horsemen and archers.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun a region in northeastern Iran
  • proper noun territories corresponding to the empire ruled by dynasts from Parthia.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun an ancient kingdom in Asia to the southeast of the Caspian Sea; it dominated southwestern Asia from about 250 BC to AD 226

Etymologies

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin Parthia, from Parthava, the Parthian language self-designator signifying "of the Parthians".

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