Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • An ancient country of southwest Asia corresponding to modern northeast Iran. It was included in the Assyrian and Persian empires, the Macedonian empire of Alexander the Great, and the Syrian empire. A Parthian kingdom lasted from c. 250 B.C. to A.D. 226, reaching the height of its influence and landholdings at the beginning of the first century B.C. Parthian soldiers were renowned as horsemen and archers.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. a region in northeastern Iran
  • proper n. territories corresponding to the empire ruled by dynasts from Parthia.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. an ancient kingdom in Asia to the southeast of the Caspian Sea; it dominated southwestern Asia from about 250 BC to AD 226

Etymologies

From Latin Parthia, from Parthava, the Parthian language self-designator signifying "of the Parthians". (Wiktionary)

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