from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- proper n. A genus comprising the parsnips.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A former genus of umbelliferous plants, including the parsnip, of the tribe Peucedaneæ, now classed as a section of the genus Peucedanum, distinguished by the absence of calyx-teeth, involucres, and involucels. See Peucedanum and parsnip.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a rosid dicot genus of the family Umbelliferae; includes parsnips
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Parsnip Pastinaca sativa, along with its aromatic taproot, is native to Eurasia, was known to the Greeks and Romans, and like the turnip was an important staple food before the introduction of the potato.
Normal butyric acid or fermentation butyric acid is found in butter, as an hexyl ester in the oil of _Heracleum giganteum_ and as an octyl ester in parsnip (_Pastinaca sativa_); it has also been noticed in the fluids of the flesh and in perspiration.
The Wild Parsnip (_Pastinaca sativa_) grows on the borders of ploughed fields and about hedgerows, being generally hairy, whilst the Garden Parsnip is smooth,  with taller stems, and leaves of
The smell of this is a compound of Valeriana and Pastinaca; it is decidedly aromatic, and not at all disagreeable, it is white inside and abounds in pith, but has scarcely any taste.
Moses; the great weasel, Pastinaca, which kills trees by its odour; the
Pastinaca,  where I swear to you, by the habit I wear on my back, that I saw hedge-bills  fly, a thing incredible to whoso hath not seen it.
1598 FLORIO Worlde of Wordes 261/3 Pastinaca muranese, a dildoe of glasse.
_Pastinaca_ means "parsnip" and is a meaningless addition of Fra Cipolla's fashion.] [Footnote 332: A play of words upon the primary meaning (winged things) of the word _pennate_, hedge-bills.]