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- proper n. The period of British imperialism after the 1805 Battle of Trafalgar, which led to a period of overseas British expansionism.
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Disraeli had modernized Palmerston’s view that Britain must keep the Pax Britannica in a malevolent world: In the face of spreading competition, Britain’s global interests now required protection through formal empire.
When the Pax Britannica ended with the failure at Gallipoli, those twins of War, Communism and Fascism, in turn disturbed and desolated the world, scattering the wealth of nations like sand, and lavishing the blood of nations like water, until the final echo of that failure had faded away, and the sons of those who had died at Cape Helles and Suvla Bay were themselves old, old men.