Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • adjective Of, relating to, or being the period of geologic time from about 299 to 251 million years ago, the seventh and last period of the Paleozoic Era. The Permian Period is characterized by the formation of the supercontinent Pangaea, the first modern conifers, and the diversification of reptiles. It ended with the largest known mass extinction in the history of life.
  • noun The Permian Period.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • Relating to the city or government of Permin eastern Russia.
  • 2. Relating to the Permians.
  • 3. An epithet applied by Murchison and his coadjutors in a geological reconnaissance of a part of Russia, in 1841, to a group of strata overlying the Carboniferous, and forming the uppermost division of the Paleozoic series.
  • noun An inhabitant of Perm; also, one of a Finnic people dwelling in eastern Russia, chiefly in the government of Perm.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • adjective (Geol.) Belonging or relating to the period, and also to the formation, next following the Carboniferous, and regarded as closing the Carboniferous age and Paleozoic era.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective geology Of a geologic period within the Paleozoic era; comprises the Cisuralian, Guadalupian and Lopingian epochs from about 280 to 248 million years ago.
  • proper noun geology The Permian period.
  • noun One of a branch of the Finno-Ugric peoples, including Komis and Udmurts, who speak Permic languages.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun from 280 million to 230 million years ago; reptiles

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[After Perm, Oblast, a region of west-central Russia.]

Examples

  • For hundreds of millions of years they dominated the planet; during their later years some species took on a bizarre, grotesque appearance, with huge spiny protuberances and great bulging eyes, giving them the look of visitors from another planet; and then, abruptly, in the era that we call the Permian, they disappeared completely from the world.

    New Race

  • Twelve thousand feet of sand, limestone, and silica were left behind by the sea’s ebb, collecting in what is known as the Permian Basin.

    Spoken from the Heart

  • Twelve thousand feet of sand, limestone, and silica were left behind by the sea’s ebb, collecting in what is known as the Permian Basin.

    Spoken from the Heart

  • "The Permian is a very significant asset in our North America portfolio."

    Chevron Rekindles Old Texas Flame

  • The Permian was a time of pronounced changes in plant and animal life, and a transitional period between two great eras.

    The Elements of Geology

  • These marks of decay in the marine life continue into the beds just after the Carboniferous, known as the Permian, which are really the last stages of the coal-bearing period.

    Young Folks' Library, Volume XI (of 20) Wonders of Earth, Sea and Sky

  • Researchers at the University of Calgary have discovered evidence suggesting that massive volcanic eruptions at the time burnt significant volumes of coal, producing choking clouds of ash and dust that had broad impact on global oceans, and may explain the massive devastation, an event known as the Permian extinction.

    FOXNews.com

  • Researchers at the University of Calgary have discovered evidence suggesting that massive volcanic eruptions at the time burnt significant volumes of coal, producing choking clouds of ash and dust that had broad impact on global oceans, and may explain the massive devastation, an event known as the Permian extinction.

    FOXNews.com

  • Permian, which is named for the geologic period that ran from about 290 million to 250 million years ago, focuses on what it deems undervalued companies, mostly in Western Europe.

    BusinessWeek.com --

  • Permian, which is named for the geologic period that ran from about 290 million to 250 million years ago, focuses on what it deems undervalued companies, mostly in Western Europe.

    BusinessWeek.com --

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