from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A taxonomic genus within the family Scolopacidae.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • An example is the drastic decline of the ruff (Philomachus pugnax) in almost all breeding sites outside the Arctic in contrast to their stable or even increasing populations in some (but not all) northern arctic areas [13].

    Recent and projected changes in arctic species distributions and potential ranges

  • A comparison between tundra and wet grassland breeding waders with special reference to the Ruff (Philomachus pugnax).

    Recent and projected changes in arctic species distributions and potential ranges

  • Significant populations of Palaearctic birds winter here, with several thousand wigeon (Anas penelope) and shovelers (Anas clypeata) observed in the Bale Mountains, along with waders such as ruffs (Philomachus pugnax) and greenshanks (Tringa nebularia).

    Ethiopian montane moorlands

  • The most abundant bird is the wader ruff (Philomachus pugnax), with more than one million seen on the lake at one time.

    Lake Chad flooded savanna

  • Recent concerns include the availability of nesting sites for the endangered West African subspecies of black-crowned crane (Balearica pavonina pavonina) and adequate wintering grounds for intercontinental migrants such as the ruff (Philomachus pugnax).

    Lake Chad flooded savanna

  • In the Hadejia-Nguru wetlands the most common waterbirds are white-faced whistling duck (Dendrocygna viduata), garganey (Anas querquedula), northern pintail (Anas acuta), and ruff (Philomachus pugnax).

    Lake Chad flooded savanna

  • This shameful trade affects highly endangered birds such as the Ruff (Philomachus pugnax).

  • Approximately 500,000 garganey (Anas querquedula) and up to 200,000 pintail (Anas acuta) winter here, along with large numbers of ferruginous duck (Aythya nyroca), white-winged tern (Chlidonias leucopterus), ruff (Philomachus pugnax), black-tailed godwit (Limosa limosa) and other waterbirds.

    Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna


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