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- n. A draft Code of formal nomenclature intended to allow naming phylogenetic groups, of all living things, rather than taxonomic groups (taxa). Officially, such names are intended to supplement scientific names rather than replace them.
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"There has (already) been a movement away from rank-based to tree-based approaches in biology, and the PhyloCode is just the nomenclatural manifestation of this movement."
The PhyloCode would create a formal set of rules for phylogenetic nomenclature that associates names with "clades," or groups of organisms that share one common ancestor.
Under the PhyloCode a named taxon must represent a hypothesis of monophyly.
Naming animals and plants according to evolutionary principles rather than arbitrary ranks is actually closer to how taxonomy worked for Linnaeus, de Queiroz said (read more of his thoughts on PhyloCode here .