Definitions

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun A taxonomic subfamily within the family Hominidae — the orangutans.

Etymologies

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Pongo +‎ -inae

Examples

  • This suite of molar morphologies is also found to varying degrees in Pongo and Sivapithecus, but not in African apes and humans, and may be diagnostic of subfamily Ponginae.

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  • • In the light of DNA comparisons, one solution is to place orangutans in the subfamily Ponginae and to combine African apes and humans in the subfamily Homininae.

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  • However, a second consideration makes it more compelling to divide the taxa into lower-level designations — that is to make our family divisions more consistent with the level of variation and relatedness found among other families of the primates (Delson et al., 2000) Thus the trend among paleoanthropologists is to use the family Hominidae to refer to the great apes and humans, the subfamily Homininae to designate chimps, gorillas, and humans (with the orangutan in the Ponginae), and the tribe Hominini to isolate humans and their fossil ancestors.

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