from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • An ancient city of northeast Greece. Founded as a Corinthian colony in 609 B.C., it revolted against Athens in 432 but was reconquered in 429 after a two-year siege. Philip of Macedon destroyed the city in 356.


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  • They had taken possession of Corcyra and were even now laying siege against Potidaea, both Corinthian colonies.

    Between War and Peace

  • Finally he reached the Macedonian army camp beneath the walls of the old Corinthian colony of Potidaea.

    Alexander the Great

  • First he takes Amphipolis, then Pydna, not to mention Potidaea.

    Alexander the Great

  • Nine months later, in the hot Macedonian summer of 356, while Philip was conquering the town of Potidaea and awaiting news of his horse at the Olympic games, his wife gave birth to a son.

    Alexander the Great

  • Philip, in a jovial mood from his conquest of Potidaea and undoubtedly draining copious amounts of wine, according to Macedonian custom, welcomed the rider but ordered him to wait as another messenger had arrived just before him.

    Alexander the Great

  • This war arose when the Greek city state of Potidaea tried to extract itself (with the connivance of the city-state of Corinth) from the economic domination of Athens.

    Democracy and Republic

  • Not one soul longer cared to make a stand, but the flight became general, some fleeing towards Spartolus, others in the direction of Acanthus, a third set seeking refuge within the walls of Apollonia, and the majority within those of Potidaea.


  • At Potidaea he halted to make the necessary disposition of his troops, and thence advanced into the territory of the enemy.


  • He also secured the voluntary adhesion of Potidaea, although already a member of the Olynthian alliance; and this town now served as his base of operations for carrying on war on a scale adapted to his somewhat limited armament.


  • It is frequently obscure; like the exercise of a student, it is full of small imitations of Plato: — Phaeax returning from an expedition to Sicily (compare Socrates in the Charmides from the army at Potidaea), the figure of the game at draughts, borrowed from the Republic, etc.



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