from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. King of England from 1377 to 1399; he suppressed the Peasant's Revolt in 1381 but his reign was marked by popular discontent and baronial opposition in British Parliament and he was forced to abdicate in 1399 (1367-1400)
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In the time of Richard II the Royal collegiate chapel of Windsor Castle had, besides service books, thirty-four volumes on different subjects chained in the church, among them a Bible and a Concordance, and two books of French romance, one of which was the Liber de Rose. 5.49
Richard II promised redress of grievances, but Wat Tyler and thousands of others remained encamped to ensure that the king’s pledges were kept.
John Gower, the poet, has been by some writers identified with one John Gower, clerk, who by grant from King Richard II held the rectory of Great
That he was a man of some standing at court, as well as a writer of acknowledged eminence, may be inferred from his statement in the first version of his "Confessio Amantis", (ll. 43-53), that on one occasion King Richard II recognized him in a boat on the Thames, invited him into the royal barge, and charged him to write some new thing for the monarch's own inspection and delectation.
Inveterate, its root the same as veteran’s, has a historical sense of “long-standing” but with a sinister connotation: Shakespeare’s Richard II was assured of “no inveterate malice,” and John Milton in 1645 questioned those who “grow inveterately wicked.”
It calls on Richard II to select wise consellors, to avoid heavy and oppressive taxation, to abandon sensuality, to restore the laws, and to banish crime.
Pontefract Castle, with its gloomy associations of royal murder it was there Richard II had been starved to death reared up before them and then swallowed them up in the twilight.