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- proper n. the period of Ancient Rome where its government operated as a republic
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the ancient Roman state from 509 BC until Augustus assumed power in 27 BC; was governed by an elected Senate but dissatisfaction with the Senate led to civil wars that culminated in a brief dictatorship by Julius Caesar
Sorry, no etymologies found.
There are excellent introductory essays in Nathan Rosenstein and Robert Morstein-Marx, A Companion to the Roman Republic Malden, Mass., and Oxford: Blackwell, 2006.
A lively and accessible overview is Philip Matyszak, Chronicle of the Roman Republic London: Thames & Hudson, 2003.
A classic and more detailed alternative is Thomas Rice Holmes, The Roman Republic and the Founder of the Empire, 3 vols.
After the expulsion of Tarquinius Superbus, Octavius Manilius, the tyrant of Tusculum, and son-in-law of Tarquinius, roused the Latin communes against the Roman Republic (507 B. C.); they were routed, however, at the battle of Lake Regillus (496 B. C.).
Tom Holland offers a vivid account of the final decades of the Roman Republic in Rubicon: The Last Years of the Roman Republic New York: Anchor, 2005.
Allen Mason Ward, Marcus Crassus and the Late Roman Republic Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1977, esp. pp. 8398, ch.