Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Offensive Roman Catholicism.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The tenets of the Church of Rome; the Roman Catholic religion.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The tenets of the Church of Rome; the Roman Catholic religion.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The polity, doctrine, ceremonies, and customs peculiar to the Church of Rome.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the beliefs and practices of the Catholic Church based in Rome

Etymologies

Roman +‎ -ism (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • After spending years slogging through Victorian anti-Catholic polemic, my impressionistic sense is that "Romanism" and "Romanist" are moderately more common than "Popery" and "Papist," but it's not as though the former pushed out the latter in fact, the same author or publication often used them interchangeably, sometimes in alternate paragraphs.

    Religion

  • Like Father Clement, Ellmer Castle sticks "Roman Catholic" in its subtitle--not the polemically obvious "Romanism" or "Popery"--in order to muddy the waters a bit for the audience.

    The Little Professor:

  • Englishman, and the mild and cultivated form of Romanism which is to be met with usually in England lends colour to the opinion.

    Against Home Rule (1912) The Case for the Union

  • The list covered a wide range, for it included such diverse headings as "Ladies with Pasts," "Heroines of History," "Romanism,"

    The Magnificent Montez From Courtesan to Convert

  • More than something of a doctrinaire, her observations on "Romanism"

    The Magnificent Montez From Courtesan to Convert

  • No more in the political or secular sphere than in the spiritual or ecclesiastical is 'Romanism' a possible guide to the reconstruction of modern European civilization.

    The Unity of Civilization

  • There were people, it seemed, who like to thrill themselves by dallying with the wickedness of "Romanism"; somewhat as a small boy tries to see how near he can walk to the edge of a cliff.

    The Metropolis

  • In this poem these principles of weakness and evil are embodied to him as the sicklier kind of Romanism, and the more sensual side of the French temperament.

    Robert Browning

  • It was only then that the fusion of the seemingly discordant elements gave birth to the new "Romanism," which was to be the ruling civilisation of Italy and the Western provinces and, in virtue of the completeness of the amalgamation and the novelty of the product, was itself to be contrasted and to live for centuries in friendly rivalry with the more uncompromising Hellenism of

    A History of Rome During the Later Republic and Early Principate

  • "Romanism" (as I call it), not so much in its formal decrees and in the substance of its creed, as in its traditional action and its authorized teaching as represented by its prominent writers; -- whereas the Tract is written as if discussing the differences of the Churches with a view to

    Apologia Pro Vita Sua

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